• Le dialogue de Timothée I : Table des matières

    Le Dialogue de Timothée I avec le calife Al-Mahdi
    Table des matières d'après
    HACKENBURG, Clint
    "An Arabic-to-English Translation of the Religious Debate
    between the Nestorian Patriarch Timothy I
    and the ‘Abbāsid Caliph al-Mahdī", 2009

    Contents of the Debate
    Numbers of the Paragraphs
    Introduction
    Introduction ........................................................................................................ 1-2
    The First Section: Christ is the Word of God Incarnated for Our
    Salvation
    Introduction ........................................................................................................ 3-6
    1 – Christ, the Son of God ............................................................................... 7-11
    2 - Christ, Son of Mary .................................................................................. 12-20
    a) How had Mary remained a virgin after the birth? ...................................... 14-16
    b) Proof of the possibility of that from the Book and from nature ................... 17-20
    3 - Christ is One in Two Natures .................................................................. 21-29
    a) Is Christ eternal or temporal? ..................................................................... 23-24
    b) Is Christ created or uncreated? ................................................................... 25-27
    c) Is Christ one or two? ................................................................................... 28-29
    4 - Christ is the Son of God, Not His Slave .................................................. 30-34
    a) The first objection and its response ............................................................. 30-31
    b) The second objection and its response ........................................................ 32-34
    Conclusion: Christ was born of the Holy Spirit .......................................... 35-37
    The Second Section: The Holy Trinity
    Introduction .................................................................................................... 38-39
    1 - Three Hypostases, and Not Three Gods ................................................. 40-58
    Introduction...................................................................................................... 40-41
    a) Proof in the creations .................................................................................. 42-46
    b) Proof from the Book .................................................................................... 47-56
    Summary .......................................................................................................... 57-58
    2 - Three Distinguished Hypostases without Separation ............................ 59-68
    36
    Introduction............................................................................................................59
    a) A philosophical explanation of the idea ...................................................... 60-62
    b) An explanation of the idea through parallels from nature .......................... 63-67
    Conclusion .............................................................................................................68
    3 - Are the Three Hypostases, Therefore, Incarnated? .............................. 69-71
    a) The first response: an example of the written word ..........................................70
    b) The second response: an example of the pronounced word ..............................71
    The Third Section: Christ, Our Leader and Our Guide
    Introduction .................................................................................................... 72-73
    1 - Why are You Not Circumcised Like Your Guide? ............................... 74-83
    a) Christ abolished circumcision through his baptism .................................... 74-78
    b) Because circumcision is a sign for his baptism ........................................... 79-81
    c) The abolition of circumcision is not contrary to the law ............................. 82-83
    2 - Why Do You Not Pray toward Jerusalem Like Your Guide? .............. 84-87
    3 - How is Christ Your God, While He Prays and Worships? ................... 88-91
    The Fourth Section: Why Do You Not Accept the Testimony of
    the Scriptures Regarding Muhammad?
    Introduction ..........................................................................................................92
    1 - We Accept Christ………. .................................................. …………….93-103
    a) Testimonies about his birth and about his miracles .................................... 94-96
    b) Testimonies of his passion, his resurrection, and his second coming ....... 97-100
    Summary ..............................................................................................................101
    2 - Is Not the Paraclete a Testimony to Muhammad? ............................ 102-121
    a) Who is the Paraclete? .............................................................................. 104-110
    b) Muhammad is not the Paraclete .............................................................. 111-120
    Conclusion: There is no mention of Muhammad in the Gospel...........................121
    3 – Did You Not Falsify Your Books? ...................................................... 122-133
    a) The accusations: You falsified the books ........................................................124
    b) The first objection ............................................................................................125
    37
    c) The second objection ............................................................................... 126-128
    Conclusion ...........................................................................................................129
    4 - Supplementary: The Qur’ān was not confirmed by signs ................ 130-133
    5 - Isaiah Did Not Prophesy about Muhammad ..................................... 134-157
    Introduction: He prophesied about Darius and Cyrus ................................ 134-137
    a) The first indication: From the context of the Word ................................. 138-140
    b) The second indication: From geography................................................. 141-143
    c) The third indication: From the Book of Daniel ....................................... 144-145
    d) The fourth indication: From history ........................................................ 146-149
    e) The fifth indication: From the Holy Scriptures ....................................... 150-153
    The Conclusion: Jesus is the seal of the prophets ....................................... 154-157
    The Fifth Section: What Do You Say about Muhammad?
    Introduction ........................................................................................................158
    1 - Muhammad Followed in the Path of the Prophets ............................ 159-162
    2 - The Zeal of Muhammad....................................................................... 163-166
    3 – Thus, God glorified Him...................................................................... 167-168
    4 – Therefore, Profess the Unity of God .................................................. 169-171
    Conclusion: Unity in tri-unity ................................................................... 172-174
    The Sixth Section: The Death of Christ on the Cross
    1 - Why Do You Worship the Cross? ....................................................... 175-182
    2 - Did Christ Die on the Cross? ............................................................... 183-201
    a) It is not possible that God can die? ......................................................... 183-185
    b) They did not kill him, nor crucify him, but it seemed as though to them . 186-188
    c) Christ did not die yet, but he will die ....................................................... 189-190
    d) The prophets did not prophesy about the death of Christ ....................... 191-198
    e) Therefore they prophesied, so these were the parables ........................... 199-202
    3 - How Could Christ Die If He is the Omnipotent God? ...................... 203-216
    Introduction.................................................................................................. 203-204
    a) The death of Messiah took place according to his own will .................... 205-206
    38
    b) But that does not mean that the Jews are not guilty ................................ 207-209
    c) The death of Messiah took place according to his own volition and because the
    hatred of the Jews ........................................................................................ 210-214
    Conclusion ................................................................................................... 215-216
    The Seventh Section: Why Do You Not Believe That Muhammad
    is a Prophet?
    Introduction ........................................................................................................217
    1 - God Announced That the Gospel Abrogated the Old Testament .... 218-227
    Introduction..........................................................................................................218
    a) He announced this by the mouth the Prophet Jeremiah .......................... 219-220
    b) He announced this by the mouth the Prophet Joel .................................. 221-227
    Conclusion ................................................................................................... 226-227
    2 – God Did Not Announce Muhammad ................................................. 228-237
    Introduction..........................................................................................................228
    a) Explanation: “From amongst your brothers” ......................................... 229-234
    b) Explanation: “A prophet like me” ........................................................... 235-237
    3 - Muhammad is Not a Prophet .............................................................. 238-247
    Introduction.................................................................................................. 238-241
    a) The Prophecy of Malachi ................................................................................242
    b) Prophecy of John son of Zachariah ......................................................... 243-245
    Conclusion ................................................................................................... 246-247
    The Eighth Section: The Absence of Falsification in the Torah, the
    (Books) of the Prophets, and the Gospel
    Introduction ................................................................................................ 248-250
    1 - The Absence of Falsification ................................................................ 251-262
    a) The Torah and the (Books) of the Prophets testify to all the teachings of
    Messiah ........................................................................................................ 251-256
    b) How did the Christians and Jews mutually agree? ................................. 257-261
    Conclusion ..........................................................................................................262
    2 - The Absence of Falsification in the Gospel ........................................ 263-272
    39
    Introduction.................................................................................................. 263-264
    a) If we had falsified the Gospel, we would have suppressed the contemptible
    things ............................................................................................................ 265-267
    b) If the name of Muhammad was found in our books, we would have awaited him
    more than we awaited the Jewish Messiah .................................................. 268-271
    Conclusion ...........................................................................................................272
    Conclusion
    Conclusion .................................................................................................. 273-275


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